Black Skin Discoloration
Skin discoloration specifically refers to the dark patches on the skin that appear due to different causes. These causes might include unusual functioning of veins or sunburns or some other internal chemical reactions. These skin discolorations may be a consequence of injury or inflammations too. In many cases, dark-colored patches emerge because of the abnormal changes in the melanin levels. Melanin is a substance which provides color to the skin and protects it from getting harmed due to radiation exposure. There are various other probable causes of skin discoloration too. However, black skin discoloration can often be the most embarrassing and disturbing one for a person.
Here we will check out every essential detail about black skin discoloration and dark skin discoloration problems.
Black skin discoloration is the condition in which blackish dark spots or patches appear on the skin more often. The color of these patches is often darker than the normal skin color of the person. These dark spots mainly appear when the melanin levels (the skin coloring pigment) get higher than normal levels. Generally, people with some specific type of acne, bug bites or maybe some hormonal abnormalities face such kind of issues.
There are several reasons due to which the skin gets traumatized and these spots occur from burns, pregnancy, cuts or injuries, a chemical reaction, and medication after-effects. This discoloration is most often observed on back, chest, neck, face, forehead, and upper lip discoloration. Let’s know more about the probable causes of black skin discoloration.
Causes Of Black Skin Discoloration
There are endless internal body processes that can cause this problem to arise. However, everyone should be aware of the major causes for better understanding of the problem. So, here are some of the common causes that might lead to the appearance of black skin discoloration.
Excessive Sun Exposure
The excessive exposure to sun and its hazardous Ultraviolet Rays (UV Rays) can result in red or dark patches on the skin. Also, it can cause sunburns & spots on the skin of people over-exposed to the sunlight. These burns can be extremely painful and irritating for the affected person. Also, the over-exposure to sun can reduce the moisture content of skin and make it peel-off due to immense dryness. In such cases, people need to use sunscreens to avoid black skin discoloration on face and other exposed body parts. Moreover, people can also use some natural products like aloe vera gel for minimizing the effects of sun tan.
Melasma, also called Chloasma, is a skin condition in which the dark spots appear on each side of face in similar patterns. It is a kind of hyperpigmentation, and it appears in the form of tanned or brownish patches on skin. This condition is mostly experienced by women during pregnancy who have started or stopped taking oral contraceptives. Also, this condition can be triggered by hormonal imbalances or hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
Melasma often results into discoloration around lips or some other facial areas. One of the most noticeable symptoms is that the darker skin won’t become sore. Well, there are various treatment options available for people suffering from melasma to treat their dark spots. These treatment options include medication, chemical peels, intense pulsed light therapy, dermabrasion and Tretinoin topical cream.
Reactions Due To Certain Medication
Dark discoloration, specifically black skin discoloration, can be a result of wrong medications or a reaction. People who have consumed some kind of anti-malarial drugs or antidepressants like Tricyclic antidepressants can face severe situations of skin disorders. These kinds of hyper-pigmentations can result into dark spots on the black skin may turn into some different color like gray. The best treatment options can be suggested only by an expert dermatologist after performing some necessary tests. Thus, it’s very important to get immediate medical attention in such cases.
Skin inflammation is the most common reason of black skin discoloration on neck or any other area. This can be due to acne, lupus or maybe some kind of injury. The area around a particular injury has the maximum chances of getting infected and cause hyperpigmentation. Moreover, people having dark-colored skin have the maximum chances of suffering from these types of severe hyperpigmentation conditions. To treat this problem, your doctor might recommend topical creams, laser therapy, intense pulsed light therapy, chemical peels, and dermabrasion.
Other medical Conditions
Hemochromatosis and Addison’s disease are the two most critical causes of dark skin discoloration. Hemochromatosis or Iron-Overloading is a condition in which there is excessive increase in body’s iron levels. This further leads to various symptoms like darkening of the skin. The treatment options for this condition include bloodletting or removal of blood from body to normalize iron levels.
On the other hand, Addison’s disease typically affects the adrenal glands and can cause skin pigmentation on some specific areas. The most common affected areas include dark upper lip skin discoloration, elbows, inside the cheeks, knuckles, and folds of skin. The treatment of this condition involves using hormonal steroids to restore the ones not being generated by the adrenal glands.
Now let’s check out the causes and treatment options for black skin discoloration on particular body areas.
Black Skin Discoloration On Face
Black skin discoloration on face that appears in the form of dark patches usually occurs in women during pregnancy
People might also experience dark flaky skin around mouth due to a skin condition known as Perioral Dermatitis. Other possible causes include allergies, cold winters, excessive sun exposure, eczema, psoriasis, lack of sebum oil, and continuous lip licking. Doctors often prescribe specific types of steroids, topical creams, dermabrasion or light therapy to lighten up the dark spots. However, the treatment options depend upon the underlying cause of the black skin discoloration on face.
Black Skin Discoloration On Neck
Black neck or Black skin discoloration on neck is a condition in which the neck’s affected skin area becomes darker. In medical science, this condition is known as Acanthosis Nigricans or AN. The affected people observe changes in the skin texture like thickening of the skin around dark patches. Well, this discoloration can be an alarming sign to indication of having an excess amount of insulin in the body. Moreover, obesity is also known to be a common reason of black neck. Other causes of this skin condition include Cushing’s disease, hormonal imbalance, unwashed dermatosis, certain medicinal drugs, and cancer, etc.
Thus, if a person observes hyperpigmentation or thickening of neck’s skin, then he or she must consult a dermatologist immediately. Treatment options for black skin discoloration on neck include exfoliation, laser therapies, chemical peels, and dermatologist recommended medicines or topical creams. Home remedies for dark neck include baking soda, apple cider vinegar, yogurt, and potato juice, etc.
Upper Lip Discoloration
People usually observe upper lip discoloration or dark skin discoloration in the area around the mouth. This can usually happen due to melasma, which is a consequence of excessive exposure to sunlight. Moreover, discoloration around lips can also be a side-effect of some doctor prescribed medicine for treating thyroid or ovarian disorders. Women usually suffer from such skin discolorations during pregnancy because of the hormonal changes, hormone replacement therapy, and oral contraceptives.
Well, there are numerous treatments for this skin condition like laser treatment and various topical ointments available in the market. However, women can also prefer some home remedies to eliminate these unusual dark patches from their faces. These home remedies include various common ingredients present in every household like papaya, potato, aloe vera, and lemon juice, etc.
Dark discoloration can be sometimes caused due to the weather conditions with excessive heat or too much cold. Also, darker skin can be a result of skin disorders like melasma, pigmentation disorder, sunburns, autoimmune disorders, hormonal changes, and many others. Well, sunburns are a common skin discoloration problem affecting all body areas excessively exposed to the UV rays of sun.
To get dark skin coloration treated, you can use organic or natural skin lightening creams available in the market. Also, you may try chemical peels like glycolic acid or salicylic acid, if your dermatologist recommends. Laser therapies like Intense Pulsed Laser Therapy are also a good option to go with. Various home remedies are also proven to be effective in lightening the dark discolored skin patches. The ingredients for these home remedies are readily available in every household like lemon, papaya, honey, aloe Vera, turmeric, and so on.
Sometimes, the area around the lips also gets affected due to the climatic conditions and becomes darker than normal. Also, a lot of people have the habit of licking their chapped lips during cold weather. Several medical studies have shown that doing this repeatedly causes dark upper lip skin discoloration. Smoking, using lipsticks and allergic reaction to toothpaste can also cause the lips to darken.
There is a wide range of treatment options available to treat lower and upper lip discoloration problem. However, it’s highly recommended that you consult an expert dermatologist before starting any of these treatments. The treatment options include over-the-counter topical creams, chemical peels, organic lip balms, and laser therapies, etc. Also, you can try various effective home remedies to treat this skin condition. For this, you can use common household ingredients like coconut oil, cucumber juice, almond oil, rose water, and olive oil, etc.
So this was everything that you need to know about discolored skin, its causes, and treatment options. Black skin discoloration is a common skin condition, which can affect anyone in the world. Also, there are numerous causes of discolored skin around the face, neck, lips, and other parts of a human body. While some discolorations maybe due to medicinal side-effects, others might be because of hormonal changes or over-exposure to the sun. But fortunately, these discolorations can be treated with home remedies or medicinal treatments provided by expert dermatologists.
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