Eczema dark skin discoloration
Eczema is one of the most common skin conditions that commonly affect children, and sometimes adults too. Also known as Dermatitis, this condition might cause inflammation, itchiness, cracks, and roughness in the skin. In many cases, a person might also experience blistering due to this problem. There are various stages and types of eczema that may affect the skin of a person. Also, the affected person might notice dark discolored skin patches, and the skin might become thicker in prolonged cases. So let’s check out every essential detail about eczema dark skin discoloration, causes, and treatment options.
One of the most common causes of Eczema is a condition called Atopic Dermatitis. The symptoms of this eczema might vary according to the stage or type of eczema a person is suffering from. However, some common symptoms are experienced by people affected by this skin condition. Here’s a list of general eczema symptoms on the skin.
- Roughness and Scaly Patches
- Skin Sensitivity
- Skin Discoloration
- Formation of Crusts
Types Of Eczema
There are many known types of eczema around the world. To get the right treatment, it’s very important to know the specific type of eczema you’re suffering from. Here are all the common types of eczema, along with their symptoms and treatment options.
Atopic Dermatitis is one of the most commonly found types of eczema. This condition is mostly experienced by children and the symptoms slowly disappear around their adult years. In medical science, this skin condition is known to be a part of a ‘triad’, which means a trio. Thus, there are three diseases in the triad, namely Asthma, Atopic Dermatitis, and Hay Fever. In many cases, people suffer from all three triad disorders. If a person does extreme itching on affected areas, then it might result in skin discoloration after eczema.
Atopic Dermatitis Causes
Various causes can trigger this skin condition.
- Hereditary Factors
- Autoimmune Disorders
- Skin Dryness
- Environmental Factors
Atopic Dermatitis Symptoms
- Rashes in skin fold like elbows and knees
- Formation of little fluid-filled bumps on the skin
- Skin infection due to scratching
- Thickening, Softening, or Dark Discoloration of Skin
- Frequent scratches on the face or scalp of a baby
Atopic Dermatitis Treatment
The treatment options for atopic dermatitis include topical ointments, steroids, antihistamine, prescribed moisturizers, and non-steroidal topical creams. Also, you need to avoid using soaps, body washes and prevent direct exposure to sunlight.
As the name suggests, this type of dermatitis is caused by direct contact with an irritant or an allergen object. This condition causes inflammation or reddishness in the affected skin area. It is further divided into two subtypes, namely Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Irritant Contact Dermatitis. The former is triggered by an immune system reaction and the latter is triggered by an allergic substance.
Contact Dermatitis Causes
- Venomous Plants
- Beauty Products
- Deodorants, Antiperspirants, and Perfumes
- Tobacco Smoke
Contact Dermatitis Symptoms
There are various known symptoms of this skin condition, as mentioned below.
- Burning Sensation
- Stinging Sensation
- Bumps With Itching
- Crusty and Fluid-Filled Bumps That Ooze
- Scaly or Thickened Skin
Contact Dermatitis Treatment
A specialist dermatologist can recommend the best treatment plan according to your present situation. The treatment options include topical creams, steroids, antihistamine, antibiotics, and infection medicines. You can also try various home remedies like cold compressing, moisturizing creams, and UV protection body lotions.
Also known as Hand Dermatitis, this type of eczema is known to affect only the hands of a person. Mostly, barbers, healthcare providers, mechanics, and house cleaners are prone to this skin condition due to regular contact with chemical products. Also, frequently touching an allergic substance can also cause this problem.
Hand Eczema Causes
Different causes might result in the triggering of hand eczema.
- Chemical-Based Cleaning Products
- Medical Field Products
- Mechanical Oils & Irritants
Hand Eczema Symptoms
The symptoms of hand eczema include the following.
- Skin Cracks
Hand Eczema Treatment
The treatment options for hand eczema include steroidal ointments and topical creams. However, your dermatologist will prescribe and provide you the directions to apply the creams.
Neurodermatitis is a skin condition in which the affected person experiences constant itching and scaling on the skin. Just like Atopic Dermatitis, there is an occurrence of bumpy and itchy patches on the skin. On being scratched, the skin becomes discolored into a red color, which has chances of bleeding or infection.
The exact causes of Neurodermatitis are not known yet. However, here are some of the probable causes that might trigger this skin condition.
- Other Forms Of Eczema
- Probably Stress
The symptoms of Neurodermatitis include the following.
- Thickened or Crusty Skin Patches On The Skin
- Constant Itching In The Affected Areas
- Bleeding or Infection Due To Scratching
The treatment options for Neurodermatitis include anti-itching creams, light therapy, topical ointments, oral medicines, and anti-anxiety drugs.
In this skin condition, the affected person notices the appearance of fluid-filled blisters on the palms, fingers, and feet soles. This skin problem is most commonly found in females than in males.
Dyshidrotic Eczema Causes
Here are some of the known causes of the development of Dyshidrotic eczema.
- Atopic Dermatitis
- Seasonal Allergy
Dyshidrotic Eczema Symptoms
The symptoms of this skin condition are experienced mainly on the palms, fingers, and feet soles.
- Fluid-Filled Blisters
- Skin Dehydration
- Skin Peeling
Dyshidrotic Eczema Treatment
After a checkup, the dermatologist might prescribe topical ointments, itch creams, moisturizing lotions, steroids, and light therapies. Also, in the case of large blisters, draining might be required before the application of topical ointments.
Stasis Dermatitis is a long-lasting skin condition that causes inflammation, ulceration, itchiness, and fluid-accumulation in the lower legs.
Stasis Dermatitis Causes
The causes of stasis dermatitis include underlying health problems that hinder the flow of blood in the lower legs.
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Chronic Venous Insufficiency
- Varicose Veins
- Congestive Heart Failure
Stasis Dermatitis Symptoms
Here are some of the most common symptoms of stasis dermatitis.
- Discoloration in lower legs
- Skin Thickening
Stasis Dermatitis Treatment
After a checkup, your dermatologist will suggest the best treatment option for you.
- Compression Stocking
- Treating Underlying Disorders
- Topical Ointments & Skin Creams
Nummular Eczema is a skin condition in which circular spots, rashes, or sores appear on the skin. In Latin, the word ‘Nummular’ implies ‘coin’ i.e. circular spots. This type of dermatitis is quite itchy, crusty, and oozy.
Nummular Eczema Causes
The exact causes of nummular eczema are not known. However, here are some of the most probable causes of this chronic skin condition.
- Other Types Of Eczema
- Extreme Skin Dryness
- Sensitive Skin
- Skin Trauma
- Chemical Burns
Nummular Eczema Symptoms
A person suffering from nummular eczema might notice the following symptoms.
- Itchy Spots
- Oozy Sores
- Crusty Rashes
- Dark Skin Discoloration
Nummular Eczema Treatment
The common treatment options for nummular eczema include moisturizing lotions, bandages, antihistamine, steroids, and petroleum jelly. These are also helpful in proper eczema dark skin discoloration treatment.
The Bottom Line!
So this was everything that you need to know about the types of dermatitis and eczema dark skin discoloration. Eczema is one of the many causes behind sin darkening and other problems. Thus, a person experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms must immediately get medical attention.