Gynecological Diseases in Pregnancy

People often associate hospitals, Medicare centers, nursing homes, and clinics with issues, problems, stressful situations, bad news, and false drug odors. We even refrain from visiting such places as we consider them to be the hot spots where only bad things happen. However, there is one branch of the hospital that is probably the only place where people celebrate. It is a place where a doctor works meticulously to welcome the awe-inspiring moment where life opens its eyes and enter into our world. Yes, you guessed it right, its gynecological diseases center.

Nowadays, the number of medicines has grown and so does the number of diseases. And we cannot ignore the diseases related to women who bring new existences into our world. Gynecological diseases are on the rise nowadays and need attention more than ever. The most prime reason for this is that women often refer to such issues as personal problems and they shy away from telling about it to everyone.

But, with an increase in awareness, women need to not only take care of common gynecological problems but their causes, treatments, signs, and symptoms as well. Out of all the concerns, the most delicate ones relate to common pregnancy problems. Let us discuss these sensitive issues in details:

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy

When you come to know that you are pregnant, you might start taking precautions from the very first day. But there are certain gynecological problems that you have no control over. One such severe issue is an ectopic pregnancy.

When an egg gets fertilized, it is transferred through one of the woman’s ovaries towards the uterus where it waits to be implanted and then grow for nine months. This is nature’s way of providing a home to the baby inside the uterus which later expands to form the womb. The walls of the uterus are made in such a way that they are able to expand till the ninth month. However, in rare cases, the egg isn’t able to move from the fallopian tube towards the uterus. This can be caused by various reasons like hereditary problems, the egg being immotile, or an obstruction in the ovarian tube.

Hence, when the egg isn’t able to reach the uterus and implants itself in the fallopian tube, then ectopic pregnancy takes place. This type of pregnancy is not normal and causes extreme pain. Ectopic pregnancy is usually threatening to the life of the mother and hence, should be removed as soon as it is diagnosed. You should ask your gynecologist in the first ultrasound to check whether the pregnancy is normal or ectopic. If it’s ectopic, you should prepare for an abortion or certain surgical treatment after consulting the gynecologist.

Signs and symptoms for this gynecological problem include serious cramps in early pregnancy followed by heavy blood flow from the vagina. 

Constipation and bloating

Constipation and bloating

Constipation is referred to as the first sign of pregnancy. In some cases, constipation might be observed even before the test turn out to be positive. Without a doubt, constipation remains one of the most common Gynae problems during pregnancy.

Constipation occurs during pregnancy because soon after fertilization, the egg meets with the sperm and start forming an embryo. This puts pressure on the intestine of the woman. To be precise, the f that will be formed in the coming months is making its space with the formation of an embryo sack filled with liquid. This lowers down the colon activity and it becomes a bit tough for the intestine to process the excretion of digested food which results in constipation. Constipation often leads to bloating where a woman can see her stomach swelling due to the slow movement of feces. While constipation is common, it can be faced with some solutions. Here are some important tips suggested by Gynae for this common pregnancy problem:

  • Try to consume fiber-rich food including the likes of fruits, wholemeal bread, cereals, pulses
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Avoid supplements such as iron as it makes you constipated. You can always consult your doctor to substitute or change your medicine.

Other gynecological diseases



Benign cysts are common Gynae problems during pregnancy. Cysts are a tiny blockage in the ovarian walls that cause blockage in the fallopian tubes. When these occur during pregnancy, your doctor might avoid surgery as the first mode of gynecological disease treatment. This is because the cyst might produce hormones that aid in the pregnancy. In some cases, it is worth to wait as these cysts tend to disappear on their own.

However, this doesn’t mean that we should not care about ovarian cyst as they can become severe when in high quantity. Usually, after a 14th week, surgery becomes necessary as cyst can also lead to the spreading of cancer which his deadly for both the mother and the child.

Intestinal obstruction

Intestinal obstruction

Woman’s intestine has to do hard work processing food excretion during pregnancy. In various cases, there emerges a blockage in the intestinal that leads to serious consequences. It can even cause inflammation of the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity. This can lead to miscarriage and the life of the woman is in danger during such a scenario.

Gynecological disease treatment includes exploratory surgery when signs of intestinal obstruction are observed. This usually includes abdominal surgery. The chances of this disease are more in ladies having a history of abdominal infection or previous abortion.

The signs and symptoms for such gynecological problems encompass cramping of abdominal area bloating, irregular vomiting, loss of appetite, severe constipation, diarrhea, and fever.

Strange and unexplained dreams- a cause of anxiety

unexplained dreams

We often come across women facing certain dreams that cannot be explained during pregnancy. These are quite different from our regular dreams and people often relate it to the new life that is about to enter the world. The dreams might range from normal to scary which is very normal. These include strange visuals that are not possible in reality.

The dreams happen because when you are pregnant, you tend to become more anxious and develop confusion in mind. For mothers, especially first-time mothers, the worrying about future life and things to cope up with the kid might create constant tension in mind. Also, the woman keeps on thinking about the safety of their child during pregnancy. This creates uncertainty to such a level that our hormonal changes force our minds to have vivid dreams. This is by far the most explanatory reasonably medical science for this common pregnancy problem.


So these are the common Gynecological diseases. Giving birth to a baby is one of the finest miracles of God in this world. While we love the visual of a newly born baby, we should never forget what a lady goes through allowing herself and all others around such delights. Hence, we should always care for the expecting woman with our die-hard efforts during pregnancy. She should have protection for her own and her child’s safety.

We know that only women have the endurance and strength to give birth to a baby and we should always appreciate this fact while doing our best to help her in the challenging yet so much precious pregnancy period.

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