Common skin diseases
In this world we live in, things tend to get unfair more than we can imagine. If you find it hard believing, think how you always picked the fairer skin animal to be your favorite pet? Recall how only people with good skin making it to the top of miss world contests.
How everyone gives attention to someone with healthy glowing skin.
Think why skin is always preferred over personality in certain areas.
While this tells us the importance of skin in the pink, we would like to mold your attention to the other side of the bridge, the common skin disorders. These can not only thrash your confidence but can make your life hell as well. Skin disorders engulf almost every human being on the planet. Be it acne, rashes, eczema, scabies or simple skin allergies, we all suffer from one or two skin diseases in our life.
But the situation becomes worse when these conditions find a home in our skin as host. While most of the skin conditions can be treated, but there are some that can conjure your body permanently. Here is our list of some of the most common skin diseases, their symptoms, management, and infection treatments.
What is the first skin defect you observed in your body? If you recall, you will get a glimpse of those first breakouts during adolescence. Acne is undoubtedly one of the most common skin disorders in the world. In developed countries like the US, Acne alone affects up to 80 percent of people in their 20s or during teenage.
Acne can be caused by various factors including hormonal change, exposure to the sun, environmental factors, an allergic reaction and even due to consuming a high sugar diet.
Normally, acne vanishes on its own. But if the situation gets worse, it is advisable to see a dermatologist that suggests various anti-acne creams and medications let the pimples go away without leaving marks. Acne often relates to other problems such as blackening of the skin or black pores forming after acne has been treated. Several topical medicines can be used to treat such issues.
While medications do counter-attack the acne vulgaris bacteria, one can also make certain life changes to avoid the onset of these irritating skin conditions. Certain habits to be adapted for management of acne-related skin conditions include drinking plenty of water, sweating out, consuming fruits regularly and eating a diet low in carbs and sugar.
Bacterial infections of the skin
Out of 5 patients visiting a dermatologist, one is always diagnosed with bacterial skin infections. While stats are enough to show how common this disease is, the severity of these bacterial infections can range from mild to life-threatening.
The best way used as management of this skin disease is to stay away from infections. This can be done by developing awareness about skin disorders. Scientists suggest that learning deeds like proper handwashing techniques and regular hygiene maintenance can help avoid the chances of bacterial infection.
Diving further deeper into this category, here are some of the most common bacterial infections of the skin and their cause:
Folliculitis – This is a bacterial infection that conjures our scalp initiating in our hair follicles. Folliculitis may occur if you have spent lots of time in hot water both or faced similar exposure to hairs. The bacteria causing this skin disorder is named Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Frunucles- also medically termed as carbuncles, this is a skin infection where the patient gets boils on the skin. This infection also begins from a hair follicle. The boils might not drain on their own and hence require a physician to examine the condition.
Impetigo- this is one common bacterial infection that his mostly observed in young children. Regarded as a contagious disease, Impetigo shows symptoms of resembling chickenpox. The only difference is that it grows sores filled with pus on our skin.
Cellulitis- this is an infection that infects the pigmentation of our skin. Cellulitis occurs when there is a deposition of cells in the epidermal layer of our skin and is commonly seen in people having exposure to the sun.
When we list the most common skin disorder, it is inevitable to mention herpes. It is one of the most severe types of skin infection that needs consistent treatment and cure. Herpes occurs by two types of viruses namely HSV1 and HSV 2.
Normally HSV 1 is the root cause of cold sores while HSV-2 gives rise to genital sores. In people with a weaker immune system, a generalized infection may develop that may make the situation worse. Chickenpox is another common skin disorder that occurs by a type of herpes virus only.
In common words, dermatitis is simply an infection on your skin. This common skin disorder can also be used to describe some specific skin conditions by a dermatologist. These skin conditions include:
- Contact dermatitis, which occurs by redness or rashness on our skin when we come in contact with a particular substance
- Seborrheic dermatitis, in which our skin becomes dry and later forms scaly patches also called as cradle cap in little ones
- Diaper dermatitis, which occurs when babies develop rashes due to diapers on their bumps
- Stasis dermatitis occurs when there is a reddish-blue rash occurring on the lower part of our legs. This occurs in people who have varicose veins and swollen ankles.
This is a skin condition where patches of our skin appear to become itchy, inflamed, red, rough and cracked. Skin blisters are also common symptoms of this disease. Eczema is also called as one of the types of dermatitis and is basically a collection of diseases that affect our immune system.
The symptoms usually vary with the age of the person. Most often, it occurs in infants, causing the appearance of dry skin and scaly patches. This causes the skin to become itchy and irritating.
People suffering from eczema experience symptoms elevate with time, if not treated. The worsening condition follows with periods of skin dying and reddening with an increase in irritation.
Skin is just like an organ of our body. To the most, it is more important than every other organ as it encompasses and protects all our vital body parts, not to mention how it helps in carrying blood and excelling in our sweat. Hence it makes sense to take care of our skin before it becomes sick with a skin disorder. We hope that the above-mentioned information will help you stay informed about different skin disorders and will assist you in taking precautionary measures to avoid such diseases. Your skin is your body’s first defense mechanism. Care for it to keep it strong, healthy and glowing.